Essential as knowing how to stop the bleed, the tools Drs. Everly and Lating teach in this straightforward and science-based guidebook are for anyone who has witnessed a family member, friend, co-worker, or stranger in psychological pain and wanted to help.
Psychological first aid, or PFA, is designed to mitigate the effects of acute stress and trauma and assist those in crisis to cope effectively. PFA can be applied in emergencies, including disasters, terrorist attacks, and the COVID-19 pandemic. In the second edition of this essential guide, George S. Everly, Jr., and Jeffrey M. Lating draw on their experiences in Kuwait after the Gulf War, in New York City after the September 11 attacks, and during the COVID-19 pandemic to describe the principles and practices of PFA in an easy-to-follow, prescriptive, and practical manner. Informed by current events, the second edition includes updated chapters as well as three completely new chapters on
There is nothing else in the crisis intervention/psychological first aid field that offers such content. Well written and easy to understand, this important, unique, and innovative book will be a huge contribution to the discipline.
A: Here at Johns Hopkins we have developed a model of psychological first aid, which we refer to as RAPID (Reflective Listening, Assessment, Prioritization, Intervention, and Disposition). This is a research-based intervention specifically designed to address the needs of individuals in acute distress, while at the same time enhancing community resilience by utilizing local and neighboring community provider resources to address the surge in demand for psychological support. In our workshops, we train a wide range of health care professionals and lay people to provide psychological first aid.
Over the last decade, the Johns Hopkins Center for Public Health Preparedness has worked to develop a simple, yet evidence-based, model of psychological first aid referred to as RAPID PFA (Everly & Lating, 2017).
As an example of how PFA might look, I have distilled some of its key steps and listed them below. I provide them here, not as guidelines, but to familiarize you with the PFA process. Although seemingly simple, as with physical first aid, some formalized training in PFA is still necessary.
In 1989, he authored A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response (Plenum), the first text to integrate the psychophysiology of stress with specific treatment guidelines. Both of these seminal texts are still in print. Writing with Jeffrey T. Mitchell, Everly wrote Critical Incident Stress Management, the first textbook on a comprehensive systems' approach to psychological crisis intervention.
His work with US Navy SEALs and other highly resilient people culminated in his 2015 book Stronger (AMACOM). While on faculty at the Johns Hopkins' Center for Public Health Preparedness, Everly developed the Johns Hopkins' RAPID model of psychological first aid, one of the world's first evidence-based psychological first aid models. His book The Johns Hopkins Guide to Psychological First Aid, is published by the Johns Hopkins Press 59ce067264